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Crochet Term Dictionary

A-F | G-O | P-S | T-Z

Afghan Stitch
also called:
Tunisian crochet
Tricot crochet
Shepherd’s knitting
Hook knitting
Railroad knitting

A method of crochet using a special afghan hook, where stitches are placed on the hook then worked off, similar to knitting, to give a different look.

See tutorial in Techniques for further information.

 

Adjustable Ring
also called:
Magic Ring

One method used to start working in the round, this ring is adjustable. You can close the center hole to where you can barely see it. Nice start for hats and things where you’d prefer not to have a large, visible hole.

 

Alicia Stitch
also called:
2-dc cluster
DC increase

(1) Yarn over, insert hook in next stitch, yo and pull through, yo and pull through 2 loops on hook (2 loops remain on hook); (2) yarn over, insert hook in next st, yo and pull through, yo and pull through 2 loops, yo and pull through all 3 loops.

 

Amazing Needle

A hook with an eye at the top for threading yarn through. Similar to the Knook.

 

Amigurumi

In common U.S. terms, these would be called stuffed animals. They are Japanese based fiber art - crocheted or knitted dolls, generally with an oversized head on a smaller torso. Cute and cuddly!

 

Aran Crochet
also called:
Fisherman stitch

In Aran crochet, you make a pattern with raised stitches, working around posts rather than into stitches. The appearance is rather like cables, but not necessarily worked in a vertical direction.

 

Back cross stitch (bcr)

This is simply two stitches that cross over one another. Any stitch can be used and it can be worked on the same row or a row below. To work the back cross-stitch, you skip a stitch, double crochet in the next stitch, then, working from the back (or behind) the stitch you just made, work a double crochet.

Please see the tutorial in Special Stitches for more information.

 

Backwards SC
also called:
Inverse sc
Pushmi-Pullyu

a method of working sc which gives your “wrong side” row a similar look to your “right side” row. It is NOT reverse sc, but a completely different stitch.

 

Berry stitch

Insert hook in specified st, yo and pull through (2 lps on hk); (yo, pull through one loop) 3 times for a ch-3 (2 lps on hk), YO, draw through both lps on hook. When you make your next stitch, you will see how the berry stitch pokes out.

My personal opinion is that you can work the stitch so that the berry is on the working side or goes to the back, much like the popcorn has a front and back version.

There’s a video here (shows the stitch in the front).

 

Back loop only (blo)

Insert hook into the back loop of your stitch.

 

Bavarian crochet
also called:
Wool eater stitch

A two-round technique which creates rows of overlapping diamond shapes.

 

Bobble

Bobbles are joined at the bottom and the top and worked into the same stitch. Abbreviated instructions: yo, insert hook in specified st, yo, pull through, yo, pull through two loops, (yo, insert hook in same st, yo, pull through, YO, pull through two loops) twice, yo, and pull through all loops on hook.

 

Block stitch
see also:
Boullion block stitch

See “diagonal box stitch” and “straight box stitch.”

There is also another stitch which has been called Block Stitch. It is very different from the diagonal and straight box stitch (crazy stitch, brick stitch, crazy shell). It is worked over two stitches and is worked more in the manner of a bullion or puff stitch, but it is not actually puffy. :-) See Bullion Block Stitch for instructions.

 

Boullion block stitch

See tutorial in Special Stitches.

Procedure: Make a dc, * yo and insert hook to the right of the post of the dc just made. Go under the post, front to back, yo and pull through. Repeat from * until you have as many wraps as you need. I generally do 4 repeats for 9 loops. Then yo, insert hook in next stitch. yo and pull through all loops. Ch 1 to close.

Note: The stitch calls for ch 1 to close. I personally prefer to skip this step as it adds a strand alongside the stitch. I go directly into my next stitch, which for me is a dc.

If you are working multiple Bullion Block Stitches along the same row, here is an alternate method of continuing: Insert hook into the next stitch, yo and pull through. Then ch 2, yo, and pull through both loops now on hook. You would then work your next "block" around the chain loop (into the space created by the ch-2), rather than a dc.
 

 

Box stitch
see also:
Diagonal box stitch
Straight box stitch

See “diagonal box stitch” and “straight box stitch.”

 

Back post double crochet (BPdc)

To create a BPdc: yo, insert hook from back to front around post of next st, yo and pull up a loop even with last st worked and complete dc.

 

Brick stitch

See “diagonal box stitch” and “straight box stitch.”

 

Boullion stitch (BS)

Bullion Stitch is worked over your hook. Wrap the yarn around the hook the designated number of times. This may be any number from 5 to 10 times, depending on pattern. Then insert hook in designated stitch, yo and pull through all the loops on the hook. Ch 1 to close. I found a good tutorial on this here. Also, there are many on YouTube.

 

Butterfly stitch

Butterfly stitch is actually several rows worked with dc and chain loops. It begins similarly to the Jacob’s Ladder technique but instead of cabling the chain loops, you gather them with a single crochet.

 

Camel crochet

Working in the back hump of your chain or stitch rather than going under one or both of the loops.

 

Chain (ch)

Slip the yarn over your hook and pull through the loop on your hook.

 

Changing color

Work your last stitch to the final step, then complete final step with the new color.

For example, in a dc: For your last stitch, where you want to change color, you would yo, insert hook into stitch specified, yo, pull through stitch, yo, pull through 2 lps, then lay new color over hook (as in a yo), pull through remaining 2 loops with new color.

 

Chevron

A chevron, to my way of thinking, is just a ripple - that is not official. I think of a chevron as a mild ripple as opposed to a deep ripple. Here is a rainbow chevron at Lion Brand. See “Ripple” for more information

 

Clothesline crochet

Crochet stitches are worked over a piece of rope or clothesline or another material of similar thickness and weight and material. Nylon cord does not work as well for this type of crochet. Use yarn that works well for the size clothesline material you are using.

 

Cluster (cl)

Clusters are joined at the top but not the bottom. They are worked over several stitches.

1) yo, insert hook in next stitch, yo and pull through, yo and pull through 2 loops on hook (2 loops on hook)

2) yo, insert hook in next st, yo and pull through, yo and pull through 2 loops on hook (3 loops on hook)

3) yo, insert hook in next st, yo and pull through, yo and pull through 2 loops on hook (4 loops on hook)

4) yo and draw through all 4 loops on hook.

Abbreviated instructions: *yo, insert hook in next st, yo, pull through, yo, pull though two loops, repeat from * twice, yo, and pull through all loops on hook

Clusters can be made of any size and used as a decrease in a pattern.

 

Color flashing

This is where you see an unintentional pattern emerge in your project when using variegated yarns. This is generally due to variegated yarn color repeats.

 

Color pooling

This is when certain colors in your color repeat of your variegated yarn ends up at the same point, causing a "pool" of color at various points in your project.

 

© / c / copyright

If copyrighted before 1923, it is now in public domain in the United States. Everything after 1978 is copyrighted whether it says so or not.

Don’t share copyrighted materials with anyone or use them in ways other than for personal use without permission from the designer or publisher. This includes selling items made from patterns you purchase.

 

Crab stitch

See “reverse single crochet.”

 

Crazy stitch
also called:
Crazy shell
see also:
Diagonal box stitch
Straight box stitch

See “diagonal box stitch” and “straight box stitch.”

 

Cro-hook

A double-ended crochet hook - a hook on each end. I have an aluminum one and a wooden one. The stitch worked is basically an afghan stitch worked from both ends (you turn your work). See the instructions at the sites on my links page.

 

Crunch stitch

Start off with an odd number of chains. R1: sl st in the 3rd ch from the hook, (hdc in next ch, sl st loosely in next ch) across, turn. R2: Ch 2, skip first sl st, (sl st in next hdc, hdc in next sl st) across, sl st in top of beg ch-2.

 

Double crochet (dc)

To create a dc: yo, insert hook into top two loops of stitch (unless otherwise specified), yo, pull through stitch, yo, pull through 2 lps yo, pull through remaining 2 loops.

 

Double crochet 2 together (dc2tog)
also called:
Double crochet decrease (dc dec)

To create: yo, insert hook into top two loops of stitch (unless otherwise specified),yo, pull through stitch (3 lps on hk), yo, pull through 2 lps,(2 loops on hk). At this point you are one step away from completing a regular dc. Do not finish the dc, but instead: yo, insert hook into next stitch, yo, pull through stitch (4 lps on hk), yo, pull through 2 lps (3 lps on hk), yo, pull through all 3 lps.

 

Double crochet 3 together (dc3tog)
also called:
Double crochet decrease over 3 stitches

This is the same as dc2tog except it is worked over 3 stitches. To create: yo, insert hook in stitch, yo and pull through, yo and draw through 2 loops (2 loops on hook), yo, insert hook in next st, yo and pull through, yo, draw through 2 loops (3 loops on hook), yo, insert hook in next st, yo and pull through, yo and draw through 2 loops (4 loops on hook), yo and draw through all 4 loops.

 

Double love knot (dbl lk)
See also:
Solomon’s knot

To create a dbl lk: Pull loop out a bit so it’s longer than a normal chain, yo, pull through as in making a chain 1, sc in back hump or loop on loop just made. Repeat above to make it a double love knot

 

Double triple /Double treble (dtr, dbl tr)

To create a dtr: yo 3 times, insert hook into top two loops of stitch (unless otherwise specified), yo, pull through stitch (5 lps on hk),
(yo, pull through 2 lps) 4 times.

 

Decrease (dec)

To make a piece smaller by decreasing the number of stitches. See decrease chart.

 

Diagonal box stitch
also called:
Block stitch
Crazy stitch
Crazy shell
Brick stitch

I have tutorial on this stitch as it’s too complicated for a quick entry.

Row 1: Chain 6. Then double crochet in the 4th chain from hook, then dc in chains 5 and 6.

Row 2: INCREASE row. Chain 6, dc in chains 4, 5 and 6, flip row 1 up (Pull it towards the front in a flipping motion), insert hook under the chain-3 of the row 1 "box", slip stitch to join, chain 3, 3 dc under same chain-3 grouping

You will continue in this way until you’re ready to decrease. There are two methods for decreasing. See tutorial for more info.

 

Do not turn (dnt)

Continue without turning your work, such as when working on a square, circle or on both sides of your foundation chain.

 

Double yo-yo

A double yo-yo is 2 rounds, 16 dc on the first round, and 2 dc in each stitch on the second round for a total of 32 dc on that round. To see if I have enough yarn (worsted weight), I wrap yarn loosely around a 12" ruler 20 times. Don’t stretch it. Just loosely wind around the length of the ruler. This will to some degree depend on the yarn.

 

Double single crochet (dsc) - same as esc

Part of extended stitch family. To create: insert hk in stitch or space, yo and pull through (2lps on hk), yo, draw through one lp (2 lps still on hk), yo and draw through last 2 lps on hk.

 

Elmore stitches
see also:
Extended stitches - esc, edc, etc
also called:
Double single stitch

See individual stitches.

 

Extended stitches
see also:
Half-step stitches
Elmore stitches

See individual stitches.

This is extending the stitch by pulling through one loop, then continuing the stitch as normal.

 

Extended single crochet (ex sc or esc)
also called:
Knotted single crochet
Locked single crochet
Double single crochet

Helen asked me about a knotted single crochet, also called a locked single crochet. I didn’t know what it was. Turns out it is this - the extended single crochet.

Insert hook into stitch or space where you want to put your esc, yo and pull through (2 lps on hk). yo, pull through one loop (2 lps on hk), yo, pull through two loops.

 

Extended double crochet (ex dc or edc)

To create an ex dc: yo, insert hook into stitch, yo, pull through stitch (3 lps on hk),yo, pull through 1 loop, (still have 3 lps on hk) yo, pull through 2 lps, (2 lps on hk), yo, pull through remaining 2 loops.

 

Extended triple crochet (ex tr or etr)

To create an ex tr: yo twice, insert hook into stitch just as you do with the regular stitch, then yo, pull through (4 lps on hk), yo, pull through ONE loop only (still 4 lps on hk), then complete the stitch as normal with (yo, pull through 2 lps) 3 times

 

Fair Isle crochet

This is a type of tapestry crochet where pictures of created within a piece. Do an image search on Fair Isle crochet and you will see the particular style of pictures in this category.

 

Fig 1

Reference for pictures.

 

Fisherman stitch

See “Aran crochet.”

 

Front loop only (FLO)

Insert hook into the front loop of your stitch.

 

Front cross stitch (fcr)
NOTE: X-st, x stitch are terms used occasionally, but there is another stitch called X-st which is made differently.

This is simply two stitches that cross over one another. Any stitch can be used and it can be worked on the same row or a row below. To work the front cross-stitch, you skip a stitch, double crochet in the next stitch, then, crossing in front of the stitch you just made, work a double crochet.

Please see the tutorial in Special Stitches for more information.

 

Front post double crochet (FPdc)

To create a FPdc: yo, insert hook from front to back around post of next st, yo and pull up a loop even with last st worked, and complete dc.
Other stitches can be used as front post stitches as well.

 

Front post triple crossed stitch (FPtrce)
also called:
Faux cable

To get the Faux Cable look - work one row dc, then one row sc. You must work a sc row between each faux cable row to get all the cables on the same side. Skip 1 st, work FPtr around post of FPtr two rows below next sc (in other words, looking at the next sc to the left on the current row, work around the FPtr on the row below that sc. That would be the FPtr on the left), then working in front of stitch, FPtr around post of FPtr below the skipped st (that is the one on the right).

Full tutorial is available under Special Stitches.

 

Finish off (FO)

To finish off - complete the final stitch, yo and pull through and tighten to finish.

 

Freeform crochet
also called:
Scrumbling

Freeform is exactly what it sounds like. You make pieces of crochet of any shape or size and put them all together into one piece. This can be planned or unplanned.

 

Frog

This means to unravel or rip back your work due to an error or some dissatisfaction with the way the project is coming out. The term comes from the sounds a frog makes: rip-it, rip-it.

 

Fur stitch
also called:
Loop stitch

See “Loop stitch.”

 

 

A-F | G-O | P-S | T-Z

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Crochet Cabana uses American crochet terminology.
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Copyright 1997 - 2016 by Sandra Petit. All rights reserved.

Crochet Cabana created October 1997 (domain name purchased March 2001)
Crochet Cabana’s Crafty Corral begun November 7, 2004.
The Crochet Cabana Blog begun May 2010.
Site update November 18, 2012.