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Crochet Term Dictionary

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Golden loop

When you insert your hook into a stitch, you yarn over and pull through. The loop that you pull through is called the Golden Loop. To make your stitch longer, you pull it up higher. The important thing is to continue bringing it to the same height throughout your piece. Once you get the hang of it it’s really not difficult.

This concept is very handy when trying to achieve a particular gauge in your work.


Granny square (GS)

See tutorial on granny squares on the site; see also the tutorial on rectangular granny squares.

Usually worked without turning and in a square shape. May be 3-dimensional or flat, made with any yarn. There are many designs.


Granny’s daughter

First round of a basic granny square. The procedure is to make a ring, then work 3 dc shells separated by 2 or 3 chains.


Hairpin lace
also called:
Forche or Fork
Portuguese lace

A crochet technique which is worked using a crochet hook and a hairpin lace loom. The loom consists of two rods which are held together top and bottom by separate pieces. These pieces can be removed for each of use. Yarn is wrapped around the rods and a crochet hook is used to make stitches in the center, holding the loops together.


Hairpin lace pin
also called:
Crochet fork

A type of loom used to create hairpin lace.


Half double crochet (hdc)

To make a hdc: yo, insert hook into top two loops of stitch, yo, pull through stitch (3 lps on hook), yo, pull through all 3 loops on hook.


Half double crochet decrease (hdc dec)

To make a hdc dec: yo, insert hook into top two loops of stitch (unless otherwise specified), yo, pull through stitch, yo, 3 loops on hook, yo, insert hook in next st, yo, pull through st, 5 loops on hk, yo, draw through all lps.


Half treble (htr)

To make a htr: yo twice, insert hk in st, yo and pull through (4 lps on hk), yo, pull through 2 lps, yo, draw through last 3 lps.


Herringbone half double crochet (Hhdc)

To make a Hhdc: yo, insert hk into st, yo, pull through (3 lps on hk), pull though first lp on hk (without another yo), then yo and draw through 2 rem loops on hook. Note: you can pull through st AND first lp on the hook in one motion, which is what I do personally


Hook (hk)

Basic instrument for crochet.


Hook knitting
also called:
Afghan stitch
Tunisian crochet
Tricot crochet
Shepherd’s knitting
Railroad knitting

See “Afghan stitch.”


Hyphen ( - )

A hyphen is a little dash similar to a subtraction symbol in math. A hyphen after an abbreviation such as ch generally refers to a stitch that has already been made. Example: 3 dc in ch-3 space means to put 3 dc in the space previously made which consisted of 3 chains.


Increase (inc)

Increasing the number of stitches in a row. Work 2 st (such as sc) in one st. The increase can be made on the ends of the rows, or in the center, or anywhere in between.


Intarsia crochet
also called:
Tunisian intarsia

Creating pictures from a graph using Tunisian crochet (afghan stitch).


Inverse SC
also called:
Backwards sc

See “backwards sc.”


Jacob’s ladder

Jacob’s Ladder is a cabling technique made by working chains over skipped stitches, then pulling one through the other to make a cable. You can vary the number of chains in your loop as well as the number of double crochets between each cable section. I have found that you need to use a minimum of 6 chains to get a nice cable. I generally use 8 or 10 until I get to the last row. Then I use a smaller number, like 6 so it doesn’t come too far over the top of the other stitches.

The process of making the cables requires a more lengthy explanation that can be made here. However, I do have several videos featuring the Jacob’s Ladder (an afghan and scarf). Here is one.


Jacquard crochet

A type of tapestry crochet. Checkerboard is an example of this technique.


Join as you go (JAYG)

This is a method of assembling motifs. Examples are the continuous join and also the JAYG for Grannies featured on this site.



This is a tool which allows you to knit with a crochet hook and a cord to hold the stitches. The claim is no more dropped stitches. Similar to the Amazing Needle.


also called:
Reverse single crochet

Working from left to right insert the hook into the next stitch to the right, yo and draw up a long loop. Yarn over and pull through both loops on the hook.


Knotted single crochet (ksc)
also called:
Locked single crochet
Extended single crochet

Insert hook in indicated stitch, yo, draw up a lp, yo, draw thru 1 lp on hook, yo, draw thru 2 lps on hook.


Linked stitches

These are stitches that are linked together with no space between them. See stitch tutorial.


Loop (lp)

The loop on your hook is the piece of yarn that wraps around your hook. The loop of a stitch is the piece of yarn that makes up the top of your stitch - there is a front loop and a back loop to your stitch


Loop stitch (lp st)
also called:
Fur stitch

This is difficult to explain in words. There are several methods. See sites below for more info:
Crochet Me
Crochet Memories

First you make a row of sc. Then you decide if you want your loops on right or wrong side. If you want them on right side, you work on the wrong side.

Insert hook in stitch, wrap yarn (left to right - opposite what you normally do) around hook, grab yarn below the loop created by your fingers (the piece of yarn under your finger) and bring behind the loop to pull through the sc (2 loops remain on hook), release loop from finger, yo with strand behind loop and complete stitch by pulling through both loops on hook.


Long single crochet (lsc)
also called:
Long stitch (lst)
Spike stitch

Insert your hook on the row below the row you are working on, and continue making your single crochet (you can vary the length of the stitch by going two or more rows below).


Long double crochet (ldc)

Insert your hook on the row below the row you are working on, and continue making your double crochet. You will have to draw that dc loop up a little higher than normal so it will be at the same height as your other stitches.



Local Yarn Shop, a place where you can purchase fiber art supplies in your local area.


Lover’s knot
also called:
Solomon’s knot

This is an interesting stitch. It is actually just a single crochet on top of a chain, but the chain is longer than normal. Here’s how to work it: Make one chain stitch, bring your loop up about an inch, yo, and draw through again (another chain stitch), here’s the tricky part - you will insert hook between the two threads that make up your long loop (sort of in back of the thread) - like when you work into the back hump of a foundation chain, then you will complete the stitch as a single crochet. This is easiest to see in pictures and video.


Magic ball

To make a magic ball, save all the leftover strands from whatever you’re making, or cut strands from other skeins you have. Tie all these strands together and roll into a ball. Use this ball to make your project, leaving all the tails out.

I have made pet pads using my magic balls. Strands should probably be at least 8" to work because you will have a couple inches on either end where you tie. 12" or more would be even better. Use whatever stitch you like to make your project.


Magic loop
also called:
Adjustable ring

One method used to begin working in the round. See tutorial on site.


Mile-a-Minute (MAM)

This is a term to indicate you are making strips which will be sewn or crocheted together. Pictured is a scarf made with two MAM strips.


Mattress stitch joining
also called:
Invisible weaving

See tutorial under Joining Methods.

Place project with right sides facing you, edges together (not facing one another as in other methods but lying next to one another so that you see both right sides). Thread needle with matching yarn. Secure yarn through both sides at the edge where you intend to join. With needle pointing up, place the point into the last st (you might consider this the first stitch) and take a small st, leaving yarn loose. Go to the opposite piece and pick up the corresponding row. Return to the first side, enter the last point of exit and pick up a st. Be sure to keep the needle pointing up to the top of the work, rather than to the side of the work. Tighten yarn in seam after picking up 3 or 4 sts. Yarn must be tight enough to disappear but not enough to pucker at the seam.

Other explanations: Crochet 911 with illustration.


Modified single crochet (mod-sc)

Instructions per Kim Guzman (used with permission).

Working into the side of the previous sc, insert hook under the two vertical bars at the side of the sc, yo and pull up a loop, yo and draw through 2 loops on hook.

There are likely other ways to modify the sc (and other stitches), but this is the one I know of at this time.


Mosaic crochet

Mosaic Crochet is a method of crochet where you use sc, long and/or post stitches, and color to create pleasing textural patterns. You don’t work into a stitch from the previous row, but rather work 3 rows below the stitch. Lily Chin says you go downwards with the new color to cover up old color.

Mosaic Crochet might be considered a type of tapestry crochet. Though you may use one color only, it generally uses two or three colors, but works only one color at a time. In tapestry crochet you carry the extra colors along. In mosaic you do not.

You can also work use this method with Tunisian crochet.



Sometimes a pattern will say: ch an odd number of stitches (number ending in 1, 3, 5, 7, 9)

Or: chain an even number of stitches (number ending in 0, 2, 4, 6, 8)

Or: chain a multiple of 4 (ex. 4 x 20 = ch 80)

Or: chain a multiple of 4 + 2 ([(4 x 20)+2] = ch82)

An asterisk is usually placed between instructions which are to be repeated. Parentheses ( ) , brackets [ ] , or a small cross (or dagger) + , can also be used in place of an asterisk * or in addition to an asterisk if needed to clarify instructions.


Ombre yarn

In an ombre skein of yarn the strand changes to different shades of the same color, like shades of blue or shades of brown. Ombre yarns are sometimes subject to flashing and pooling, where particular colors make an unexpected pattern or where colors pool in certain spots.



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Crochet Cabana uses American crochet terminology.
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Copyright 1997 - 2016 by Sandra Petit. All rights reserved.

Crochet Cabana created October 1997 (domain name purchased March 2001)
Crochet Cabana’s Crafty Corral begun November 7, 2004.
The Crochet Cabana Blog begun May 2010.
Site update November 18, 2012.