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Pattern Abbreviations & Symbols

See something in a pattern you can’t quite figure out? Here are some of the more commonly used abbreviations and symbols. If you’re looking for international symbols, used in crochet charts, click here.

Pattern Abbreviations & Symbols

alt - alternate
approx - approximately
beg - begin, beginning
bet - between
BLO - back loop only
bo - bobble
BP - back post
BPdc - back post double crochet
CC - contrasting color
ch - chain
cl - cluster
cont - continue
dbl - double
dbl lk - double love knot
dc - double crochet
dc2tog - double crochet two together
dec - decrease
dir - directions
dk - dark
dnt - do not turn
dtr or dbltr - double triple
ea - each
edc - extended double crochet
esc - extended single crochet
exdc - extended double crochet
exsc - extended single crochet
fch - foundation chain
fig - figure (picture of stitch)
FLO - front loop only
fo - finish off

foll - following
FP - front post
FPdc - front post double crochet
g - grams
gm - grams
gr - group or grams
gs - granny square
hdc - half double crochet
hhdc - herringbone half double crochet
hk - hook
htr - half triple crochet
in - inch
inc - increase
incl - including
inst - instructions
ldc - long double crochet 
lp(s) - loop(s)
lp st - loop stitch
lsc - long single crochet
lt - light
MC - main color
med - medium
mm - millimeter
mod-sc - modified single crochet
no. - number
oz(s) - ounce
p - picot
- pattern stitch
patt st - pattern stitch
pc st - popcorn stitch (also pop, pc, ps)
pm - place marker
prev - previous
ras - reverse afghan stitch

rem - remaining
rep - repeat
rnd - round
rs - right side
rsc - reverse single crochet
sc - single crochet
sc2tog - single crochet two together
sctbl - single crochet through back loop only
sdc - short double crochet
sk - skip
slst - slip stitch
sp - space
ssc - shallow single crochet
st(s) - stitch(es)
tch - turning chain
tog - together
tr - triple (or treble) crochet
tr tr - triple treble crochet
v st - v-stitch
x st - x-stitch
x times - (such as repeat 5x)
ws - wrong side
yd - yards
yf - yarn forward
yo - yarn over
yoh - yarn over hook
y st - y-stitch



[ ]

( )

Sets off instructions that are to be repeated within a pattern.

[dc, sk 2 ch, sc] across
That means you would repeat the stitches specified within the brackets across the row in that order.

A pattern might also use both parentheses and brackets.

[2 dc in next st, (dc, sk 2 ch, sc) four times] across.
This means that you would work 2 double crochet in the next stitch, then you would work a dc, sk 2 ch, sc, dc, sk 2 ch, sc, dc, sk 2 ch, sc, dc, sk 2 ch, sc. Then you would start over - 2 dc in next st, then the repeating (dc, sk 2 ch, sc). Each time you go back to the 2dc at the beginning because it is included in the repeat.



The asterisk will be placed in front of the stitches that need to be repeated.

*dc, sk 2 ch, sc, repeat from * four times



One asterisk will appear at the beginning of the instructions to be repeated and one at the end.

*dc, sk 2 ch, sc *, repeat from * to * four times




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Crochet Cabana uses American crochet terminology.
For UK/Australia terms & international symbols, click here.

Copyright 1997 - 2016 by Sandra Petit. All rights reserved.

Crochet Cabana created October 1997 (domain name purchased March 2001)
Crochet Cabana’s Crafty Corral begun November 7, 2004.
The Crochet Cabana Blog begun May 2010.
Site update November 18, 2012.